The rules will be the same as for other major contests, with Local Rules as necessary for Dinosaur. The rules may be amended up until the first launch in competition, but once the competition begins, alterations to the rules will only be made in the case of extreme and obvious necessity. A Protest Committee will be selected by the competitors. In case of a protest, the Meet Director, after conferring with the Protest Committee will have final say. 


Following are a few Local Rules that are not universal:

In order to ease the competition pressure on pilots to fly if they are not comfortable with conditions, Open and rigid wing class pilots will drop their lowest daily score;  Sport Class pilots will drop their two lowest scores.  (An additional safety benefit of this rule will be its easing of pilots' contemplation of suicide or need to abuse crew after bombing out.)

While a runway has been built for pilots who, for whatever reason, prefer towing, Dinosaur 2015 is primarily a foot launch meet.  The conditions at the launches atop Cliff Ridge will determine a day's validity.  Unlikely example:  The winds are from the northwest - over the back - on top, shutting down foot launching all day.  The winds are light and straight down the runway at Dinosaur International, allowing all the towed pilots to launch.  Other pilots get airborne via truck towing, winch, balloon, using their own secret launches, or whatever.  The day is invalid.  In other words, a pilot can get into the 10 kilometer start circle below 8,200' msl by whatever means possible, but the conditions on the established Cliff Ridge foot launches will determine validity.  


The scoring system will be that generally accepted as the standard for international competition. The Scorekeeper will normally post computer generated scores each evening, but in no case later than the next morning before the pilot meeting. 

Proposed Local Regulations for the
Dinosaur 2015 Competition

Version 8.27

The competition location is northwestern Colorado and northeastern Utah with meet headquarters at Dinosaur, Colorado.

Organized By: Rocky Mountain Glider Company, LLC




To have a safe, fair, challenging and fun hang gliding competition.




The Dinosaur 2015 competition is sanctioned as a National Championship Series event by the USHGA and Category 2 sanctioned by CIVL. These local regulations are to be used in conjunction with the USHGA Competition Rulebook ( and Section 7A of the FAI Sporting Code ( There are references in the rules to these documents. In the event of a conflict among these rulebooks, the Local Rules take precedence.



(All times subject to change)

Practice day: Saturday, August 29
Pilot Registration: August 28- 6-9 pm  Aug 29 9am-noon, 7-9pm

Registration at Fire Department (big red building in middle of town)
Pilot Meeting: Daily at launch – 11am
Contest Dates: August 30-September 5
Awards Party: September 5



Task Committee Meetings: 10am on launch
Pilot Meetings: 11am on launch
Launch times and start times: TBD daily based on weather
Start Interval: 20 minutes
Launch window Close: TBD daily, based on weather
Goal Close: TBD daily, based on weather
Report Deadline: TBD daily, based on weather and task
Schedule and rule changes, etc. will be posted to the official notification board.





Meet Director: GW Meadows
Safety Director: Bubba Goodman

Launch Director: Rick Jacob

Score Keeper: Timothy Ettridge
Meteorologist: Rich Jessuroga and Zac Majors




Entry Fees
All entry fees must be paid before the first round of competition.

Registration Requirements (bring the following)

USHGA membership/rating card, IPPI card, or pilot’s national rating card with appropriate rating and documentation of aerotow experience as detailed below.

U. S. pilots must be full members of the USHGA for insurance purposes. International pilots must have either full, three month or thirty day USHGA membership . The appropriate membership forms will be available at meet headquarters during check in.

FAI Sporting License – Pilots who wish to be part of the CIVL sanctioned Category 2 competition and obtain WPRS points will need to have FAI Sporting Licenses. Only those pilots with FAI Sporting Licenses will be reported as having participated in the competition to CIVL (and their scores computed against other pilots with FAI Sporting Licenses). All pilots registered in the competitions will be scored and reported to the USHGA for NTSS ranking purposes.

GPS, make, model and serial number. Any back up GPS.

Radio frequency used

Pilot and driver cell phone number

All descriptive information required to complete registration.

Registration duties

At registration pilots will have their documents checked, receive supplementary regulations and information, obtain GPS download, sign a waiver and obtain USHGA membership if needed. Registration is August 28-29 at Meet Headquarters. In exceptional cases late registrations will be accepted before the first task.

Pilot numbers:

Pilot numbers will be provided at registration. No physical numbers will be provided and none are required on pilots’ wings.

Open Class pilot numbers will start with a number above #25, with numbers 1 through 25 being reserved for use by those pilots in the top 100 of the most recent “World Pilots Ranking Overall.”



Safety Director

There will be a Safety Director with the responsibilities detailed in this section below. The Safety Director will monitor for overcrowding near the Cliff Ridge launches and weather conditions there and reports of weather on course.

Safety Committee

The Meet Director shall select three pilots to form a Safety Committee. This committee will advise the safety director as necessary.  

The Safety Director shall determine if the task called by the task committee and the alternate task, if chosen, are safe to fly. It shall also be his task to determine if it is safe to launch before launch begins. The Meet Director and Safety Director shall consult throughout the competition.

Before the launch window opens

The Meet Director has the sole authority to suspend or cancel a task in circumstances not related to safety, for example, unsuitable weather, but only before the launch window has opened. If the Safety Director and Meet Director determine before the launch window is open that the day is not safely flyable, they jointly may suspend or cancel the task.

Suspending Launch


The Safety Director, the Launch Director and the Assistant Launch Directors at each launch have the authority to suspend the launching procedure if any judge that weather or other conditions at launch are unsafe. If the launch is suspended at any of the launches, the launch window at all launches shall be extended by the amount of time the launch was suspended.

The task shall not be stopped or cancelled solely because the launch was suspended or stopped.



Stopping a task after Launch Open

The Safety Director and/or the Meet Director have sole authority to stop a task after some or all pilots have taken off only in an emergency resulting from hazardous weather or other conditions which could not be avoided by the pilots, and which would endanger their safety.

The announcement to stop a task after all or part of the field has launched will be made by the Safety Director and/or the Meet Director on the official meet frequency as well as the frequencies provided by pilots at the time of registration.

PLEASE NOTE: The Safety Director and/or the Meet Director cannot be responsible for canceling or stopping a task in every case of potentially dangerous flying conditions. Pilots are solely responsible for keeping themselves safe at all times by using sound judgment and airmanship.

If the Safety Director and/or the Meet Director stop the day's task, each pilot's position at the time 20 minutes before the FIRST announcement that the task has been stopped will be used for scoring.

PLEASE NOTE: Pilots are requested to communicate to other pilots that the task has been cancelled/called off by unzipping their harness and hanging their legs out while flying. It is highly recommended that pilots land at the first safe landing position if dangerous weather is in the area.

In case of accident

In the case of a serious launch accident the launch operations shall suspend at that launch and quickly move to a new location away from and clear of the scene of the accident. If a rescue vehicle is required, launch operations that interfere with rescue vehicle getting to the pilot will be suspended for a time period required to get the vehicle to the pilot and then suspended again if necessary to get the vehicle out.

If a pilot is injured on landing at goal and if air evacuation is in process, the Safety Director and/or the Meet Director may stop the task and direct pilots over their radio frequencies to stay away from and land at least 400 meters from the area of helicopter operation. The Safety Director and/or the Meet Director shall setup an area for helicopter approach and departure near launch prior to the competition and shall graphically present the intended flight path to all the competitors.

Tasks will not be canceled or stopped except in the circumstances given in the previous section.






There will be separate scoring for Class 1, Class 2, Class 5, and Sport Class pilots.


All Sport Class gliders must have a kingpost structurally essential to the glider.

Switching Gliders

Pilots may switch gliders within their class once the Meet Director approves the request.

Radios and Phones

Radios are not restricted. Pilots are recommended to have a license for the radio that they are using and are responsible for any problems created by illegal use.

The USHGA provides 151.925 for use in hang gliding competition; this may be the official competition and safety frequency. Pilots are not allowed to use VOX on the official competition frequency. Penalties apply.

All pilots and drivers will submit their radio frequencies and mobile telephone numbers at the time of registration. This information is confidential and will only be used for meet purposes. In an emergency situation this information may be distributed.


Helmets must be worn by all competitors during flight.


See Section 7A paragraph 13.3 of the FAI Sporting Code


A reserve parachute is required. See Section 7A paragraph 13.2.5 of the FAI Sporting Code

GPS receivers

Most Garmin GPS models including 12, 12CX12XL, 12map, II, II+, III, III+, 72 76, 76s, MAP 76 and a select subset of eTrex models are required for flight verification during the competition. MLR, Galileo, Compeo, 6030, 6015, 5030, 5020, Top Navigator are also supported. Pilots may be required to provide necessary hardware, cables, software and knowledge to the scorekeeper to make sure that flights from their instruments can be downloaded. IGC files with the tracklog will be accepted.  See Addendum A re responsibilities to the scorekeeper.

IGC-certified data loggers

Competitors who wish to use IGC-certified dataloggers are welcome to do so and can submit IGC files to the scorekeeper. See Addendum A re responsibilities to the scorekeeper.

Registering GPS Units

See Section 7A paragraph 16.2.4.




Skill requirements

Pilots must meet the requirements of minimum "intermediate" rating; as well as foot launch (FL), turbulence (TUR) and cross country (XC) signoffs or their non-US equivalents.


It is illegal and un-sportsmanlike for competitors to fly into clouds. Competitors who fly into clouds will incur a penalty for the day. A competitor is deemed to have flown into a cloud if he/she is observed by a meet official or videotaped going into and disappearing into a cloud, or videotaped appearing out of a cloud, or: If two witnesses near the accused witness the accused going up into the cloud and completely disappearing from their view, and attest to this fact in writing and if a tracklog from the accused and a witness show the accused above the witness at the time of the incident. If the accused cannot produce a tracklog for that day, only two witness statements are required.

Right of Way

Pilots will follow generally accepted right of way rules and thermal/flying etiquette as per Section 7A paragraph 18. During the period when the launch and start window is open, pilots within or before the start circle will make all thermalling turns in the following directions:  Left on ODD calendar days, Right on EVEN Calendar days.

Following instructions from meet officials

Pilots are required to follow instructions given to them by meet officials expeditiously or risk penalty. Pilots will be instructed where to set up their gliders in the staging lines, where to enter the launch lines, and how to be prepared to launch safely. Pilots need to follow these instructions carefully.





The primary take off area is Cliff Ridge. There are 3 official (and staffed) launches.  The easternmost launch is not being staffed or is it official.  Pilots wishing to launch from another location may do so, providing:

     1 - Meet Director is notified of their intentions;

     2 - They recognize that they will not have any launch assistance;

     3 - They must enter the start circle below 8,150’MSL’


Pilots will stage on the staging lines, at the launch of their choice, as determined on the first day by WPRS ranking and after that by their current overall ranking in the competition.  After the initial staging and as long as the formal Push Rule is not in effect, pilots may change launches by joining the end of any launch line.


1. The daily launch and staging areas will be determined by consultation of the Meet Director, Safety Director and Launch after the morning pilot and Task Committee meetings.


2. After the launch and staging lines have been fully set-up it is permissible for pilots to stage their gliders.

3. The members of the Task Committee shall be allowed to place their gliders in the staging line at their discretion.


Re-launch and re-flights

Re-flights are allowed only during the time the launch window is open. Pilots may relaunch as many times as they need to as long as the launch window is open.

All pilots needing a re-launch must go to the end of the launch line.

Push Rule

A pilot at any point in the launch line, with harness and helmet on, and hooked in, may "push" the launch by stating "I'm pushing". When the launch line is being pushed, each pilot in the launch line preceding the pushing pilot in the launch order, will have 30 seconds after they reach the launch start point in which to start take off or decide not to launch.

Failure to move expeditiously toward to the takeoff area will be considered as declining to launch and the pilot must move to the end of the launch line. If the pilot does not start takeoff run within the allotted 30 seconds, a penalty of 5% of that pilot's score for that round will be deducted for each additional 15 seconds or portion thereof until the pilot either starts a take off run or starts moving out of launch position.

Each pilot who has pushed the launch will have 30 seconds after reaching the takeoff start point in which to start the takeoff or else receive a zero score for the round.

The 30 seconds referred to in the above paragraphs must be uninterrupted by unacceptable launch conditions, as determined by the launch official. The launch official will tell the pilot when the 30-second period begins and will count down the last 10 seconds before it ends.

Start Procedure

A virtual start cylinder will be used. Multiple starts are permitted. The size and center location of the start cylinder will be determined every day by the task committee and will vary based on weather and other safety considerations.

A pilot’s latest start gate time recorded during the start window will be used. Start times will be scored on 20 minute intervals. (Example: 3:19:33 will be scored as 3:00) and are applicable to the official start cylinder start times for the daily task.

Pilots who start before the start window opens will receive a penalty for starting early. The penalty will be 1 point per 5 seconds up to 5 minutes.  Pilots who start more than 5 minutes before the start window opens will receive a zero score for the day.




Task display

Times of launch, start window opening, and closing of the launch window, turn points, goal and goal closing will be displayed in writing on a task board at the pilot briefing and on a task board near the launch area. Any launch or start window time extension policy will also be displayed in writing. The minimum period of time that the launch window will remain open for the day to be considered valid is one and a half hours.

The launch window will be extended for the total number of minutes that the launch window is closed. If the launch window is closed, one start time interval will be added for every 20 minutes of continuous closure.

Task Selection

The Meet Director shall name a three-person task committee. He may name more at the behest of the pilots. The Meet Director delegates to the Task Committee the authority to determine the task, launch window, start interval, start windows, start circle/turn point cylinder circle radius and GAP parameters.

Secondary Task

The task committee may decide to call a secondary task depending on the weather forecast. If a secondary task is necessary, it will normally be presented with the primary task at the pilot meeting. That decision will be communicated to the pilots prior to any pilot starting the course.

Task Format

All tasks will be cross-country tasks to goal, with or without turn points. The task committee will attempt to call tasks so that the estimated time of the fastest pilot will be between two and five hours.


Virtual cylindrical sectors around start points, turnpoints and goal points will be used in the competition. The radii of the cylinders will be publicized at the general briefing, and if this is to be changed during the competition, the new radii will be publicized at the pilot briefing prior to the task. The default value for turnpoint cylinders will be 400 meters.

Rest days

There will be no rest days.


Separate tasks for separate classes

The task committee may create separate tasks, may create separate start times, and may create separate start cylinders for separate classes.

Assisting injured pilots

A competitor who lands specifically to help an injured pilot must not be disadvantaged by this action. However, points awarded in compensation are at the discretion of the Meet Director who is required to take all the circumstances into consideration before awarding them. It is a fair solution to award a pilot the average of their task scores to date.




Finish at Goal

Virtual goals will be used exclusively.

GPS goal crossing times, as determined by verification and scoring software will be used to determine time of crossing.

Goal cylinders will be 400 meters radius by default, but can be changed by the task committee.

Finish Short of Goal

All pilots not completing the task may mark his/her landing point as a waypoint with their GPS receiver(s), and then should TURN OFF THE GPS. Failure to do this may result in improper scoring and slow downs.

Reporting In

In the interest of safety, competitors should report back to or call headquarters by the daily determined report time.

See Addendum A, which is part of the Local Rules.




Datum and coordinate format

The mapping datum is WGS 84 Datum and the required format for reporting landing position is dd mm.mmm (i.e.) N 36 17.888 W 75 12.456. Official meet time is -6 UTC.

Backup GPS

Backup approved GPS receivers are permitted and recommended. A pilot may use multiple GPS's for verification and backup and may submit multiple track-logs to the scorer. The evidence will be chosen so that the pilot's best possible score, from all correctly obtained data, will be taken for flight verification.

Pilots may submit evidence for a flight using data from two (or more) GPS units, each covering part of the flight as long as the Meet Director is satisfied that the data is genuine.

Track log

See Section 7A paragraph 16.

1. The pilot must provide an unambiguous track log that shows without doubt that the data was collected; by the pilot of the hang glider on the flight in question, of the declared turn point from the correct location in the correct sequence, between the takeoff and landing, with all relevant information being present on the track log.

2. The track log must show for any start, goal or turn point that is claimed for the flight, one of the following: a point within the cylinder, a pair of points or a point and a way-point not more than 60 seconds apart for which a straight line drawn from the first point to the second point passes through the allowable cylinder. Mark/enter of waypoints inside of cylinders is allowed if backed up by a supporting track log.

3. Where the point being claimed is a start point (and the task allows the pilot to choose their start time) and the track-log has two points either side of the start or goal line at most 60 seconds apart, then the start or end time is then interpolated from these points (constant speed being assumed). Otherwise a start time is taken from the last (in time) point within cylinder of the start point.

4. The goal time will be interpolated from the pair of track-log points prior to and after crossing the edge of cylinder gate (a constant speed is assumed), or from the extrapolation of a pair of points immediately prior to the goal, provided that the extrapolation crosses the goal line (a constant speed is assumed).

Errors in Coordinates

Start point and turn point coordinates may be named in any way the competition organizer deems appropriate. If any are named for nearby physical features, the coordinates and NOT the physical feature will define the turn point location. Goals will be based on the coordinates. Changes to turn point coordinates may be made or new turn points added at or prior to the task briefing.

General Verification Rules

1. The track-log must contain an average of at least 1 point for every five minutes of on course flying time (points taken prior to the start and after goal are not counted). E.g. a two-hour flight must contain at least 24 track-log points between the start (launch or start point) and goal or the end of the flight.

2. The verification software will confirm that all points used to verify the flight occurred at reasonable times (e.g. on the day in question, between the start of the task and the end of the task, and showing the correct chronology of start and turn points).

Claiming best distance on task

A pilot not landing in goal will be scored distance according to their best in-flight track log point or their landing point, whichever gives a better result. In either case, the timestamp of this point must be consistent with the flight being claimed and any "land by" times that may be in force.

Rejection of track log

The meet director has the discretion to reject any track-log, or part thereof; if he feels it does not show sufficient evidence that the claimed data is genuine.

Stopping the task

If a task is stopped, the pilots will be scored at the point in time 20 minutes before the day was stopped. For those pilots not in goal at the task stop time, distance points will be awarded based on best in-flight track log point recorded prior to 20 minutes before the stop time. No other means of flight verification will be accepted if the task is stopped. Pilots without a valid GPS track will be at a disadvantage.

Time based dispute

1. If the launch is within the start cylinder, and a pilot fails to provide proper evidence of his start time, but there is sufficient evidence that a pilot launched during the launch window and did not start prior to the opening of the start window, then the pilot is awarded a start time equal to the start window open time. The pilot’s elapsed flight time is then moved so that it begins at the time of the first start time of the pilots in goal (so that the Departure Point system is not compromised). If the pilot's new (artificial) goal time is outside of the advertised goal closing time, the pilot is awarded goal distance only.

2. If a pilot cannot provide evidence that he launched and or started during the start time window, either by correctly obtained GPS evidence or by the records of the competition, then the pilot is awarded minimum distance for the round.

3. If a pilot fails to provide evidence of finish time when required, then, the pilot is awarded distance points only. If a "land by time" is in effect, any pilots still in the air at the land by time will be scored distance according to their best in-flight track log point prior to the land by time.




Performance Measurements

Performance measurement will be by GAP 2015 utilizing the FS-CMP scoring program. Great circle distances will be calculated to the nearest .01-mile from Lat/Long provided by the pilot. Flight distances will be in kilometers.

Penalties and disqualifications

A penalty may be assessed or a competitor disqualified, for violation of any rule contained, announced or referred to in the rulebooks that pertain to this meet. The Meet Director at his discretion will assess penalties.

Minimum/Maximum Rounds

A minimum of one round is necessary to declare a winner. There will be a maximum of 7 rounds. The official cumulative scores at the end of the last valid contest day will be considered final.

Daily Score

The scorekeeper will determine a competitor's score based on distance flown as reported by GPS coordinates and/or the time based on the goal official's records. Each pilot's daily score will be computed using GAP 2015.




Pilot Protest Committee

The Meet Director shall nominate three pilots and one alternate to form a Pilot Protest Committee at the first pilot briefing. The competitors may nominate other pilots to the three-person committee. The pilots shall vote on and select the Protest Committee. The alternate shall be used in the case of a conflict of interest.


A complaint is a written request by a competitor to the Meet Director, to investigate operational matters with which the competitor is dissatisfied. No fee is required for a complaint. A complaint must be filed within twelve hours of the operational matter becoming announced at the pilot or team leader meeting. The meet director will attempt to rule on a complaint within one hour of receiving it.

If the competitor is still dissatisfied; he may file a protest.


Protests must be made in writing no later than twelve hours after the complaint is acted upon and the result of the complaint announced at the pilot or team leader meeting.

A $50 fee is required will be refunded if the protest is successful in any part.. The Protest Committee will rule on any protest within 24 hours of its submission.

If the protest fails, the protest fee will be donated to the Cloudbase Foundation.